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Table of Contents
CASE REPORT
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 44-45

Eruptive milia associated with isotretinoin


1 Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, al Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Olaya, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Dermatology, Light Clinics, Olaya, Saudi Arabia

Date of Web Publication25-Jan-2019

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Saad Mohammed Altalhab
Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Olaya, Riyadh
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jdds.jdds_48_18

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  Abstract 


Isotretinoin is the most effective treatment for severe acne, although its potential side effects and monitoring requirements restrict its use. We are reporting eruptive milia of the eyelid/periorbital area associated with low-dose isotretinoin treatment in three adults.

Keywords: 13-Cis-Ra, isotretinoin, milia, periorbital milia, secondary milia


How to cite this article:
Altalhab SM, Zainalabidin RA. Eruptive milia associated with isotretinoin. J Dermatol Dermatol Surg 2019;23:44-5

How to cite this URL:
Altalhab SM, Zainalabidin RA. Eruptive milia associated with isotretinoin. J Dermatol Dermatol Surg [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Oct 18];23:44-5. Available from: http://www.jddsjournal.org/text.asp?2019/23/1/44/250831




  Introduction Top


Acne vulgaris is a common disease affecting young adults. Oral isotretinoin is the most effective drug for the treatment of acne vulgaris. Many side effects have been reported which include xerosis and dryness of mucous membrane in addition to other systemic side effects which include teratogenicity.[1] Herein, we report these cases of eruptive milia associated with low-dose oral isotretinoin treatment.


  Case Report Top


A 30-year-old female, Fitzpatrick skin Type IV, with no history of any previous illness, presented to our dermatology clinic with moderate facial acne. She previously tried topical retinoid and antibiotic with minimal improvement. After that, the patient was started on isotretinoin 20 mg/d; the dose was not increased as she was complaining of severe xerosis. After 7 months of treatment, her acne had improved, but she presented with a new complaint of multiple bilateral white-to-yellow papules over both the upper and lower eyelids [Figure 1]. Clinical diagnosis was eruptive periorbital milia induced by low-dose isotretinoin.
Figure 1: Case 1: Multiple eruptive eyelid milia in a 30-year-old female induced by isotretinoin. (a) Right eyelid region. (b) Left eyelid region

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The second patient was a 20-year-old male, Fitzpatrick skin Type IV, with no history of any previous illness, who presented to our dermatology clinic with moderate facial acne for 2 years. He had not improved on topical treatment and was started on 20 mg/d of isotretinoin for 2 months. After 6 weeks after treatment initiation, the patient noticed white papules on both the eyelids, which was diagnosed as an eruptive milium [Figure 2].
Figure 2: Case 2: Multiple eruptive eyelid milia in a 20-year-old male induced by isotretinoin. (a) Right eyelid region. (b) Left eyelid region

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The third patient was a 22-year-old male, not known to have any medical illness, who came to the dermatology clinic with severe acne vulgaris and widespread scars. He was started on 20 mg of isotretinoin daily. Two months after starting the treatment, the patient noticed white-yellow papules around both the eyes. Our diagnosis was eruptive eyelid milia induced by low-dose isotretinoin.


  Discussion Top


Milia are small white superficial keratinous cysts (≤3 mm), containing several thick layers of stratified squamous epithelium with a granular cell layer. They commonly occur either as primary or secondary to different causes.[2] There are a few studies that demonstrate the origin of milia. Primary milia are believed to originate from the sebaceous collar of vellus hair (lower infundibulum), while secondary milia are thought to be derived from eccrine ducts.[3],[4] Secondary milia induced by drugs have been reported with topical corticosteroids, dovitinib, sorafenib, benoxaprofen, 5-fluorouracil, penicillamine, cyclosporine, acitretin, or nitrogen mustard. Secondary milia also have been associated with many other diseases, including bullous pemphigoid, infections, and contact dermatitis.[5] The pathogenesis of isotretinoin-induced milia is not well characterized.[6]

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Tan J, Boyal S, Desai K, Knezevic S. Oral isotretinoin: New developments relevant to clinical practice. Dermatol Clin 2016;34:175-84.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Hubler WR Jr., Rudolph AH, Kelleher RM. Milia en plaque. Cutis 1978;22:67-70.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Honda Y, Egawa K, Baba Y, Ono T. Sweat duct milia – Immunohistological analysis of structure and three-dimensional reconstruction. Arch Dermatol Res 1996;288:133-9.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Broekaert D, Goeman L, Ramaekers FC, Van Muijen GN, Eto H, Lane EB, et al. An investigation of cytokeratin expression in skin epithelial cysts and some uncommon types of cystic tumours using chain-specific antibodies. Arch Dermatol Res 1990;282:383-91.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Berk DR, Bayliss SJ. Milia: A review and classification. J Am Acad Dermatol 2008;59:1050-63.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Farmer W, Cheng K, Marathe K. Eruptive milia during isotretinoin therapy. Pediatr Dermatol 2017;34:728-9.  Back to cited text no. 6
    


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2]



 

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